Growing a Nation

Historical Timeline — 1960

Economic Cycles

1958-70
Extended business expansion
1964-73
Vietnam War

 

 

 

Farm Economy

1966
Federal minimum wage extended to some farm workers

Farmers & the Land

1960
Total population: 180,007,000; farm population: 15,635,000; farmers 8.3% of labor force; Number of farms: 3,711,000; average acres: 303; irrigated acres: 33,829,000

1960s
State legislation to keep land in farming increases

1964
Wilderness Act

Farm Machinery & Technology

1960-69
Commercial fertilizer use: 32,373,713 tons/year

1960
One farmer supplies 25.8 persons (est.)

1965
5 labor-hours required to produce 100 pounds (1/5 acre) of lint cotton with tractor, 2-row stalk cutter, 14-foot disk, 4-row bedder, planter, cultivator, and 2-row harvester

5 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels (3 acres) of wheat with tractor, 12- foot plow, 14-foot drill, 14-foot self-propelled combine, and trucks; 99% of sugar beets harvested mechanically; Federal loans and grants for water/sewer systems

1968
96% of cotton harvested mechanically

Crops & Livestock

1960s
Soybean acreage expands as an alternative to other crops

1960
96% of corn acreage planted with hybrid seed

1961
Gaines wheat distributed

1966
Fortuna wheat distributed

Transportation

1960s
Financial condition of northeastern railroads deteriorates; rail abandonments accelerate; agricultural shipments by all-cargo planes increase, especially shipments of strawberries and cut flowers

 

 

 

Agricultural Trade & Development

1960-69
Agricultural exports: $5.76 billion/year or 22.9% of total exports

1964
Trade Expansion Act

Life on the Farm

1962
REA authorized to finance education TV in rural areas

1968
83% of all farms have phones; 98.4% have electricity

 

Farm Organizations & Movements

1960s
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee begins unionizing California farmworkers

1960s
Commodity groups move to forefront of influence with Congress

1962
Silent Spring, by U.S. biologist Rachel Carson, warns of dangers to wildlife from indiscriminate use of persistent pesticides, such as DDT. The book becomes a best-seller

1966
Fair Labor Standards Act extended to include agricultural labor; Federal minimum wage extended to some farmworkers

Agricultural Education & Extension

1964
Antipoverty programs lead to expansion of extension education programs in inner cities

Government Programs & Policy

1960s
The Government uses food surpluses for the needy at home and abroad; State legislation to keep land in farming gains impetus

1961, 1962
Agricultural Acts extend and enlarge earlier programs

1964
Food Stamp Act; Agricultural Act provides voluntary control program for cotton and wheat

1965
Appalachian Regional Development Act; Food and Agriculture Act establishes voluntary 4-year price and adjustment program

1966
President's Committee on Rural Poverty appointed; Child Nutrition Act

1967
Wholesome Meat Act

1968
Wholesome Poultry "Products Act"; special food service program for children

1969, 1971
White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health

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