Growing a Nation

Historical Timeline — 1920

Economic Cycles

1920-21
Sharp postwar recession

1922-29
Speculative boom

 

 

Farm Economy

1920s
Agricultural surpluses become the chief agricultural issue

1920
Collapse of agricultural prices

1921-40
Long-term agricultural depression

Farmers & the Land

1920
Total population: 105,710,620; farm population: 31,614,269; farmers 27% of labor force; Number of farms: 6,454,000; average acres: 148

1924
Immigration Act greatly reduces number of new immigrants

Farm Machinery & Technology

1920-29
Commercial fertilizer use: 6,845,800 tons/year

1920-40
Farm production gradually grows from expanded use of mechanized power

1926
Cotton-stripper developed for High Plains; successful light tractors developed

1928
Otto Rohwedder introduced his bread-slicing machine

Crops & Livestock

1926
Ceres wheat distributed; first hybrid-seed corn company organized; Targhee sheep developed

Transportation

1920s
Truckers begin to capture trade in perishables and dairy products

1921
Federal Government gives more aid for farm-to-market roads

1925
Hoch-Smith Resolution requires the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to consider agricultural conditions in setting railroad rates

Agricultural Trade & Development

1920-29
Agricultural exports: $1.94 billion/year or 42% of total exports

1921-22
Tariff acts raise rates for agricultural and other imports

Life on the Farm

1920s
Movie houses become common in rural areas

1921
Radio broadcasts begin

 

 

 

Farm Organizations & Movements

1920s
Farm organization set up strong lobbies in Washington

1920-32
Cooperative movement spreads

1922
Capper-Volstead Act gives cooperatives legal standing

1925
Beginning of the Master Farmer movement

1929
National Council of Farmers Cooperatives organized

Agricultural Education & Extension

1920
31,000 students enrolled in agricultural courses

1924
Clark-McNary Act provides for forestry extension work

1925
Purnell Act provides for economic and sociological research to be carried out by the experiment stations

1925-45
Basic research done in land-grant colleges lays groundwork for second agricultural revolution

1928
Future Farmers of America founded

Government Programs & Policy

1914
Cotton Futures Act

1916
Federal Farm Loan Act

1917
Food Control and Production Acts

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